Why Do We Cite?When Should I Cite?How Do I Cite?How Can I Make Citation Easier?What If I Don't Cite?References
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Citation & Style Guide  

Last Updated: Nov 24, 2015 URL: http://guides.middlebury.edu/citation Print Guide RSS Updates

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Table of Contents

This guide will help you create citations and bibliographies in the proper style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) 

Why, when, and how to cite.
American Psychological Association guide
Chicago guide & Turabian guide
Modern Language Association guide
Other Styles
AAA, ACS, ASA, CSE guides
Citation Tools
Zotero, Refworks, MS Word, & others
Writing & Plagiarism
Avoid plagiarism & get tips to help you write your best. Learn about the Honor Code: Take the Academic Honesty Tutorial.
Quick answers to commonly asked questions.
Other Resources
Links to helpful websites and resources.

    What Is a "Style Guide"?

    A style guide or style manual is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization or field. A style guide provides uniformity in style and formatting within a document and across multiple documents.


    Which Style Should I Use?

    Your professor will probably tell you which citation style to use for your paper or thesis. If not, the following list provides a general guide:

    • APA: Psychology, Education
    • ASA: Sociology
    • CBE/CSE: Biology, Natural Sciences
    • Chicago/Turabian: History, Art History, Political Science
    • MLA: English, Humanities

     How are they different?  See a comparison of APA, MLA, and Chicago style from Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab).


    How and Why to Cite


    Help Us Improve This Guide


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    Academic Integrity Tutorial

    • Academic Integrity Tutorial
      All students are welcomed to test their knowledge by using this tutorial created by Middlebury. It includes a brief quiz at the end.


    Zotero logo

    Organize your research and automatically create bibliographies in MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and more.


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